Kategori: 2020-2021

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First Antibiotic: Penicillin

Penicillin was discovered by Alexander Fleming in 1929. However, before 1941 it couldn’t produce on large scales. Between 1929 and 1941 Fleming, Florey and Chain conducted their research about penicillin, they used it as a medicine to cure eye infections and in clinical trials which is conducted with mice (van der Beek & Roels, 1984). …

COVID-19 Aşılarının Uzun Vadede Herhangi Bir Yan Etkisi Var Mıdır?

Şiddetli Akut Solunum Sendromu koronavirüs-2 (Sars-cov-2) olarak da bilinen Covid-19, yüksek bir bulaşıcılığa sahip olan ve bundan dolayı dünya çapında küresel halk sağlığı acil durumlarına ve ekonomik krizlere neden olan patojenik bir virüstür. Şu ana kadar dünya genelinde milyonlarca enfeksiyon ve binlerce ölüm kaydedilmiştir ve bu sayı hala daha artmaya devam etmektedir1. 2003’e kadar hafif …

Marine Ecology

Imagine you are a stone thrown into the ocean. What do you notice? Blue, which seems to never end, a lot of living things (biotic) and a lot of non-living (abiotic) factors create a very large ecosystem. We call the name of this system Marine Ecology. There is a great order and functioning in the …

Ancient DNA

A Big History From a Small Piece Genetic studies with DNA obtained from the remains of organisms lived in the past are called Ancient DNA (aDNA) studies (İyras & Doğan, 2015). Ancient DNA is the subject of study in a multidisciplinary field. It is the collective work of many scientists such as anthropologists, archaeologists, palaeontologists …

Useful or Dangerous: How Plastics Affect Life in the Marine Ecosystem?

The history of plastics began in the mid-1880s with the synthesis of a polymer called polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and continued by the discovery of bakelite, the first real synthetic, by Leo Baekeland in the early 1900s1. Since plastics have extraordinary properties such as versatility, durability and transparency, this material has become unique for the industry, …

Years of Trouble in Food Security: Witchweed and Its Parasitic Talents

Earth’s population is increasing continuously, and in the meantime, multiple problems are increasing along with it. Due to the rapid growth of populations, crop quality and quantity demand is increasing nonstop1. This issue is making researches and studies about improving a crop’s yield more important than ever. For achieving an effective solution, multiple challenges also …

The Brain Can Be Used as a Machine

The brain is the most complex structure in the body. In neurological aspects, knowledge about the brain itself and how it controls the whole body remain a mystery at some points. However, in today’s world brain activity can be used to control computers or external devices mostly prosthetics. This study field is called as ‘Brain-computer …

Hempseed Protein

Recently, plant proteins have gained great importance due to the increasing demand for protein sources1. In this review, we are going to focus on the nutritional value of hempseed, one of the plant protein sources, and its health benefits. Hemp, one of the belongings of the family Cannabaceae, has an important place in our lives …

Sentetik Biyoloji’ye Yakın Bakış

Sentetik biyoloji, yeni sistemler üretmeyi veya doğada halihazırda var olan sistemleri geliştirmeyi amaçlayan; genetik mühendisliği, moleküler biyoloji, kimya, evrimsel biyoloji gibi multidisiplinleri kapsayan alandır1 2. “Sentetik biyoloji” terimi ilk defa 1980 yılında Barbara Hobom tarafından rekombinant DNA teknolojisi ile genetiği değiştirilmiş bakterileri tanımlamak için kullanılmıştır1. 2000 yılında ise Eric T. Kool, “Biyolojik sistemlerde işlev gören …

X-linked Adrenoleukodystrophy

X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy, simply called ALD, is rare X-linked neuro-metabolic disorder1. The first X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy case – a 6-year-old male X-ALD patient- was detected by Mosser in 19931*. Mutations in the ABCD1 (ATP-binding cassette transporter subfamily D member 1), ALDP, peroxisomal half-transporter gene, which is included in the ABC transporter superfamily, gives rise to ALD, so …